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Historically, optical colonoscopy (OC) has been the mainstay of screening for colorectal cancer. An OC is a procedure in which a lighted tube with an attached camera is inserted into the rectum and through the colon. During the colonoscopy the physician is able to view the colon on a screen and is able to remove abnormal-looking areas or growths. Read More...
For all four types of thyroid cancer, treatment usually starts with a thyroidectomy—the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid. Nearby lymph nodes and tissue may also be removed if cancer has invaded neck tissue. Some papillary and follicular cancers that are well contained may require only a lobectomy (partial removal of the thyroid), which usually involves removing one of the lobes and the isthmus. Read More...
Individuals with a family history of skin cancer are also more likely to develop skin cancer. In rare cases, this is due to a known familial cancer syndrome such as xeroderma pigmentosum, oculocutaneous albinism, or basal cell nevus syndrome. Individuals with xeroderma pigmentosum are extremely sensitive to ultraviolet radiation and have a very high probability of developing skin cancer. Read More...
Among the disadvantages of breast MRI is the 30% false-positive rate, which means that in up to one-third of patients, the breast MRI will have a “worrisome” finding that will not turn out to be anything serious. Such findings may result in unnecessary repeat testing and biopsies, ultimately leading to increased costs and emotional distress. Read More...
For those patients who undergo mastectomy, breast reconstruction is a significant undertaking and typically requires multiple operations. As a result of findings from research on quality of life and psychosocial benefits associated with breast reconstruction, the 1998 Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act of 1998 mandates that the third party payer provides coverage for breast and nipple reconstruction and contralateral procedures to achieve symmetry. Read More...
EBRT is the conventional technique for administering radiation therapy to the brain, but stereotactic radiosurgery has also become a standard treatment. The most recent advance in the radiation treatment of brain tumors is the brachytherapy technique called GliaSite radiotherapy system, which involves placing a balloon in or near the tumor during surgery and then passing a radioactive material into the balloon for treatment. Read More...
There are many other hereditary cancer syndromes that can lead to cancer running in families. Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), also known as Lynch syndrome, can increase the risk of colon, uterine, and ovarian cancers. Read More...
Radiation therapy can be externally or internally delivered to the esophagus and surrounding lymph nodes. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) delivers radiation from a machine outside the body, called a linear accelerator. EBRT treatments are typically delivered 5 days a week, for 2-6 weeks, depending on the overall goals of treatment and each treatment lasts between 10-15 minutes. The internal delivery of radiation therapy (brachytherapy) involves the placement of a radioactive isotope, such as iridium 192, within the esophagus. Read More...
Osteosarcoma is the most common type of cancer of the bone. It is the third most common malignancy in children and adolescents, accounting for approximately 5% of all cancers in these age groups. In children and adolescents, 50% of osteosarcomas arise from the bones around the knee. The cause of most cases of osteosarcoma is unknown although a genetic predisposition is suspected. Read More...
A variety of factors ultimately influence a patient’s decision to receive treatment of cancer. The purpose of receiving cancer treatment may be to improve symptoms through local control of the cancer, increase a patient’s chance of cure, or prolong a patient’s survival. The potential benefits of receiving cancer treatment must be carefully balanced with the potential risks of receiving cancer treatment. Read More...